Buffered charcoal yeast extract agar

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规格: 100g 250g

联系方式:I47-825O-882O

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军团菌BCYE琼脂培养基产品基本信息

产品名称: 缓冲炭酵母提取物琼脂;军团菌BCYE琼脂;BCYE培养基
英文名称: Buffered charcoal yeast extract agar base;Legionella BCYE Agar Base;BCYE Agar Base
培养基类型: 选择性培养基
级别: for microbiology
品牌: ELITE-MEDIA(艾礼培养基)
产品目录号: M133-01、M133-02
产品规格: 250g、500g(培养基添加剂需另购)
产品外观: 灰色至黑色均一粉末。
灭菌后颜色与澄清度: 灰黑色至蓝黑色,不透明凝胶。
保存条件: 密封,2-25°C保存。制备好的培养基2-8°C避光保存。
注意事项: 避免摄入、吸入、皮肤接触。
相关产品: 军团菌添加剂(Legionella Supplement)
艾礼培养基


产品描述:

缓冲炭酵母提取物琼脂基础(Buffered charcoal yeast extract agar,base)简称军团菌BCYE琼脂基础(Legionella BCYE Agar, Base)加入添加剂后用于选择性培养军团菌。BCYE琼脂也称军团菌生长平板。本培养基配方与ISO 11731-2 一致。


工作原理

军团菌为革兰氏阴性杆菌,专性需氧,胞内寄生菌。军团菌最初是从以军团菌病人肺组织感染的豚鼠中分离出来的。这种方法虽然有较高的可靠性,但非常昂贵,而且费时费力,不久就被平板培养法所取代。目前标准培养基为活性碳酵母浸膏琼脂平板,也称军团菌生长平板(BCYE)。接种在BCYE平板上的样品在温度为35-37ºC,培养10天,在浓度为2.5% CO2的环境下培养更有利于军团菌的生长。军团菌的菌落通常呈白色、灰色、有荧光。军团菌在BCYE平板上生长而在平板和半光氨酸缺失BCYE-Cys平板上不生长。

军团菌BCYE培养基用于选择性培养军团菌,满足军团菌生长所需的特殊要求。活性炭降解过氧化氢和其它代谢毒素。ACES缓冲剂是为了维持稳定的最适pH。α-酮戊二酸单钾盐刺激微生物生长。L-半胱氨酸是必需的氨基酸,也是军团菌重要的能量物质。焦磷酸铁是铁的来源。

军团菌属的主要特征见下表:


特征 L.pneumophila L.bozemanii L.dumoffii L.micdadei L.gormanii L.longbeachae L.jordanis
BCYE琼脂 + + + + + + +
血琼脂 - - - - - - -
MWY琼脂上菌落颜色 白色绿色 蓝灰色 绿色 绿色 绿色 白色绿色 白色绿色
革兰氏反应 -ve -ve -ve -ve -ve -ve -ve
抗酸组织 - - - - - - -
鞭毛 + + + + + + +
氧化酶 + - - + - + +
过氧化氢酶 + + + + + + +
青霉素酶 + + + - + + +


配方与配制方法


成分 g/L
酵母提取物(细菌学级) 10.0
活性炭 2.0
α-酮戊二酸单钾盐 1.0
N-(2-乙酰氨基)-2-氨基乙烷磺酸 (ACES缓冲剂) 10.0
琼脂 17.0
Final pH 6.9 ± 0.2

军团菌添加剂(Legionella Supplement)配方如下:

L-半胱氨酸盐酸盐 400 mg
焦磷酸铁 250 mg

本产品配方与美国Sigma-Aldrich出品的BCYE琼脂(Sigma货号86558)配方完全一致。

配制方法:

1. 称取40 g本产品,用900ml去离子水重悬。
2. 煮沸使培养基完全溶解。
3. 121°C灭菌15min。
4. 冷却至50°C时,加入过滤除菌的军团菌添加剂(见上表),混匀。
5. 倒平板时不断搅动,确保活性炭颗粒均匀分布。


实验方法:

Clinical Samples
For the isolation of Legionella spp. from patients with clinical evidence of Legionnaires' disease, greatest success has been achieved by the examination of lung tissue and bronchial aspirate.
1. Homogenise the patient's specimen in sterile distilled water.
2. Examine microscopically for Legionella by the Fluorescent Antibody Method (FA) and for other bacteria by Gram's stain.
3. Inoculate specimens that are FA-positive but with no other organisms present on to plates of BCYE Medium. Both FA-positive and FA-negative specimens in which other organisms have been detected by the Gram stain, are inoculated on to the selective medium BMPA.
4. Incubate the plates at 35°C in a 90% relative humidity atmosphere.
5. Growth usually appears in 2-3 days but continue to examine daily for 14 days before discarding the plates.


Environmental Samples
1. Take 10 ml of the concentrated sample and centrifuge at 2,500 rpm for 20 minutes (using sealed buckets).
2. Remove the supernatant to leave approximately 1ml of fluid. Resuspend the deposit. This constitutes the inoculum.
3. Spread 0.1 ml on to plates of BCYE Medium with and without selective agents using a sterile spreader.
4. Add 9 ml of HCl-KCl buffer* (pH 2.2); shake gently and leave for 5 minutes.
*HCl-KCl buffer: 3.9 ml of 0.2 M HCl; 25 ml of 0.2 M KCl; Adjust the pH to 2.2 using 1M KOH.
Alternatively, heat 10 ml of the sample concentrate in a 50°C water bath for 30 minutes.
Important:
ACID AND HEAT PRETREATMENT OF SAMPLES MUST NOT BE COMBINED.

5. Spread 0.1 ml on to plates of BCYE Medium using a sterile spreader.
6. Incubate the plates at 35° C and examine daily for up to seven days.

Colonies suspected of being Legionella are subcultured to Tryptone Soya Agar containing 5% sheep blood and BCYE Agar. Isolates that grow on BCYE Agar but fail to grow on TSA Blood Agar and have characteristic morphology, may be presumed to be Legionella. Confirmation must be made by biochemical and serological tests.

As the media described are not completely selective for Legionella species, it is recommended that the following criteria are used for the examination of plates:
1. The colonies must have characteristic colour, size and appearance when examined under a dissecting microscope.
2. The isolates should not grow on blood agar or Legionella BCYE Agar without L-cysteine.
3. The organisms should show characteristic Gram morphology.
Legionella spp. cannot be identified solely on growth characteristics on various media or by biochemical tests. Further studies with DNA homology, cellular fatty acids and serotyping must be undertaken.



结果与分析

35-37°C ,90%湿度,培养3-4天。ATCC标准菌株在缓冲炭酵母提取物琼脂基础培养基上的生长情况如下:

ATCC标准菌株 生长情况 菌落颜色
大肠杆菌 ATCC25922 -/+ -
杜氏军团菌 ATCC33343 +++ 浅蓝色至灰色
嗜肺性军团病杆菌 ATCC33153 +++ 白灰色至蓝灰色
表皮葡萄球菌 ATCC12228 -/+ -

军团菌BCYE琼脂培养基产品说明书pdf版和相关资料下载

军团菌BCYE琼脂培养基产品应用举例

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